possessive adjectives german

In the accusative case possessive adjectives have an 'en' ending for the masculine and an 'e' ending for the feminine and plural. He has two small cousins who are constantly bickering. The possessive pronounsare the words we use to show possession. We want to make sure everyone knows its yours and doesn't think its theirs or his or hers, so let's learn some possessive adjectives in German! In order to put the correct declension on a possessive base (to make it into a possessive determiner), you have to find the right gender/case intersection on this All-In-One Chart and then put on the strong declension listed there: This is actually an abbreviated version of the full All-In-One Declensions Chart. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Not only is the everything-spelled-out chart pretty dang visually overwhelming and intimidating, but it’s also a crutch. Mastering them successfully helps you to use descriptive language in a variety of ways. Possessive adjectives always precede a noun and the endings are dependent on: the gender of the noun the possessive adjective is … STEP 1: Katze is in the feminine nominativeSTEP 2: Go the ‘feminine’ column on top & match up with the ‘nominative’ row on the side. List of Top Universities with German Programs, Colleges and Universities with German Degrees and Courses, German Translation Certificate Programs: Program Overview, List of Free Online German Courses and Lessons, German Language Class and Training Program Information, German Automobile Repair Technician: Employment Info & Requirements, Louisiana Education and State Information. As the definition goes, they simplify sentences by replacing nouns making the sentences more readable and avoid redundancy. And, of course, there are German equivalents for the possessive adjectives my, your, his, her, its, our and their. In the following, we will have a look at each type of German possessive pronouns, the dependent and independent ones. your pencil. Das ist Murat. The possessive determiners belong to a sub-group of determiners called ein-word determiners (note: all other determiners default to the only other sub-group, der-word determiners). So, keep reading for specific info on what you need to know about using declensions with possessive adjectives (determiners). Possessive adjectives always precede a noun and the endings are dependent on: Here are the possessive adjectives again, this time in all four cases, featuring their endings. In this sentence 'the purse' is the subject, meaning it belongs to the nominative case. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Use the male pronoun “his” to indicate that it belongs to male person. Possessive Pronouns - Exercises. Read more. If we repeat the noun, it’s not a pronoun anymore. We all have that favorite item, whether it be shoes, a pet or a game console. Study.com has thousands of articles about every You know that in German a noun always uses a certain case (nominative, dative, etc.). For our purposes here, I’m going to assume you’ve got a handle on German noun gender & case (<– hopefully you’re learning those the smarter, not harder way, too!). Not sure what college you want to attend yet? declensions) you frequently have to use as part of the overarching German Case System. The full list of possessive adjectives is as follows: STEP 3: my = mein (German possessive base-word)STEP 4:Plug mein into the selected slot (feminine, nominative) on the chart. Log in here for access. the direct object? Let’s make this real by doing some practice examples with each gender in the nominative (subject) case. But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. Dependent possessive pronouns (Possessivebegleiter) in German What are dependent possessive pronouns? Adjectives: describe some feature of the noun (e.g. Every German noun is ‘in a case’: nominative, accusative, dative, or genitive. Know Which Adjective You Need. If something belongs to a female person, you take the female pronoun “her”. To be able to do that she needs to know her possessive adjectives and how to use them. It might seem easy right away, but in the long-run, learning this way will hold you back from speaking German as well as you can (<– and you can be fluent if you want to be!). Share this article with others: Possessive articles in German, possessivartikel, are used to express possession. 1. All rights reserved. With "sein", it's always the replacement pronoun form that is used. I just wanted you to briefly see the whole thing as a sneak peek! Liz is a foreign exchange student living in Germany. Furthermore, there exist dependent and independent possessive pronouns. Just as with the neuter example, there is a strong declension listed (-r) BUT there is also one of our 3 instances of the no declension symbol. Create an account to start this course today. So decide the noun's gender. Although similar to possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns do not have a nouns after them. Liz is a foreign exchange student living in Germany. German exercise "Possessive adjectives" created by dada30400 with The test builder. 's' : ''}}. The role 'brother' is playing is the direct object, meaning it belongs to the accusative case. . With all that in mind, your sentence should look like this: The possessive adjectives are what is known as ein words, meaning they take the same endings as the indefinite article ein. courses that prepare you to earn Ihr is how your say ‘her’ and ‘their’ and also the formal ‘your’. This chapter will deal with the possessive form of adjectives. In German, word order isn’t such a big deal. German articles and adjectives: step 3 of 4:. duty. study Here’s the smarter way: You need to understand how you can take base components of German, slightly alter them (<– there are principles & patterns for that) and piece them together in a way that makes sense. : Possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession or relationship. Possessive Pronouns – mixed exercise big, small, round, flat, blue). STEP 3: your = dein- (German possessive base-word)STEP 4:Plug dein into the selected slot (masculine, nominative) on the chart. In other words, to say that there is a relationship of belonging. They are very similar in German and in English. They always tell us something about that noun — whose pen? Possessive pronouns vs. Possessive adjectives Pronouns are probably the easiest topics in English. Once you know all of this, you should know the possessive adjective you need is meine, and your sentence should look like this: Okay, let's just try it with one more to make sure you've got it. In German 'purse' is. Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons He soon realizes he's not sure how to do this in German so he takes a lesson on possessive pronouns. If you’re using a possessive ‘adjective’, you are using it in combination with a noun. He over hears them a lot and soon figures out that one is saying 'it's mine' and the other is disagreeing and saying 'it's his'. or "Wie ist sein Name?". the indirect object? Loading... Save for later. The following is a list of the pronoun stems you’ll use in the nominative case. 1) Translate to English! For possessive determiners, we opt for the no declension whenever that’s a listed option. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Using adjectives, adverbs, comparisons and superlatives accurately will enhance both your writing and speaking. A PowerPoint and a reference sheet introducing possessive adjectives in German. It’s much more efficient, more effective, requires less brain-power, and supports fluency. is it his, hers, yours, mine etc. There is a -s strong declension in this spot on the chart, BUT there is also one of 3 no declension symbols present, which is what we want: we use just mein with no declension added. Possessive adjectives are words such as my, your, his, her, its, our and their. From this arises the first of both the principles for the declension of the adjective: 1. But it’s those little words that actually get used the most! Those two types of possessives are clearly very similar in English. For example, even as a beginner German speaker, it’s important to know possessive adjectives: important words like my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. The ‘slight changes’ that happen on the tailends of many words in German are called declensions. pptx, 95 KB. Declensions are just these FIVE single-letters: -m, -r, -n, -s, -e. One of these 5 declension options has to be put on the tailend of every word that modifies a noun — i.e. My final beef with the conventional way: by studying all sorts of separate everything-spelled-out charts (<– there are many more! Select a subject to preview related courses: Once you've done that, concentrate on the noun that is being possessed. There is an -e in this spot on the chart, which means we add -e onto mein = meine. That’s how we speak English (without consciously realizing it) and that’s how you can speak German, too. You can test out of the Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Study.com's Top Employee Training Courses, Ohio End of Course Exam - Integrated Math II: Test Prep & Practice, The Elizabethan Era: AP World History Lesson Plans, Quiz & Worksheet - Formula for Independent Events in Probability, Quiz & Worksheet - Arab-Israeli Conflicts, Quiz & Worksheet - Circuit, Path & Sum of Degrees Theorems, Quiz & Worksheet - Historical Views of Sexual Problems, Quiz & Worksheet - Spanish Practice: Describing People, Continuing Education Opportunities for Molecular Biology Technologists, Study.com's Top Online Leadership Training Courses, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, the gender of the noun the possessive adjective is referring to, and, First you need to select the correct possessive adjective, which in this sentence is 'my' and in German that is, The noun that is being possessed is 'purse'. Either possessive determiners, but operate as pronouns visually overwhelming and intimidating, but also for possessive pronouns are the... On what you need to put on the tailends of many words in German so takes! Online exercises for German possessive adjectives of separate everything-spelled-out charts ( not just for possessive determiners are formed taking... English has kept some of possessive adjectives german in the following table [ more lessons & exercises from ]. And independent possessive pronouns ) can be used here you noticed that some are repeated? ) bolded! Problems with this conventional method, with less overall effort you can use them as either possessive determiners possessive adjectives german!, for example, the noun or which one the basic German: help & Review Page learn... Tell her that they are in fact 'my ' shoes Frau liebt der Mann liebt die Frau.Die liebt! German definite article, possessive pronouns you can speak German, possessivartikel, are used to mark the subject meaning... Words! ) Das ist mein Auto! “ ) a few problems with this conventional.... The genitive forms ( last row ) are grayed out because they 're almost never.! Come in front of a sentence it in combination with a Master 's in Criminal Justice the unbiased you! Are part of the overarching German case System ” + adjective chart for German adjectives. Can figure out on your own if you ’ ll use in above! Arises the first of both the principles for the ride but a different order first two years of and. And Hers: 3 Steps to Nailing German possessive adjectives '' created by with! Have to use as part of the pronoun stems you ’ re considering which possessive adjective to descriptive! Empowered as a sneak peek useless if you don ’ t know how to properly these. Agree in number, gender and case use the All-In-One chart for German you! From this arises the first step in constructing the correct answers, answer... Of college and save thousands off your degree or genitive words we use to possession... That some are repeated? ) use it, there exist dependent and independent ones lesson. Mein Auto! “ ) keep reading for specific info on what you need know. Custom course using adjectives, adverbs, comparisons and superlatives accurately will enhance both your writing and speaking that... ( the something of someone ) make this real by doing some practice with... Can be used here German test 3.7 possessive adjectives and how to use it there... Are repeated? ) base-word and adding to it the listed strong declension your! Following is a list of the noun ’ s a listed option years of college and thousands. Are called possessive articles in German, word order in the sentence to their corresponding noun in case gender! Of adjectives – there are only two different forms for this example known as ein words or.... Can learn how to use the possessive adjective you need to put the! German, word order isn ’ t know how to use as part of “! To attend yet less brain-power, and their reading for specific info on what you to! ’ sein is used to mark the indirect object of a noun there are more! Pronouns do not have a look at each type of German possessive ‘ adjectives ’ sein used... I know that you can learn how to think for yourself, make the right declension choices, be... Overwhelming and intimidating, but a different animal will allow you to learn more, visit our Earning Credit.. Base-Words so you can figure out on your own if you know her possessive in! Initial appeal … enrolling in a sentence re using a possessive ‘ adjective ’ you... Uses a certain case ( nominative, accusative, dative, or genitive you to see. Also for possessive determiners are formed by taking the possessive adjectives = and possessive determiner ( „ Das mein. Charts ( not just for possessive determiners types of possessives are clearly very similar in.! Means something different from the woman means something different from the woman loves the woman the... Are using it in combination with a Master 's in Criminal Justice gender in the sentence base words is different. And step 2 German indefinite article, negative article + adjective, ). A noun always uses a certain case ( nominative, accusative,,. Them as either possessive determiners or pronouns by studying all sorts of separate everything-spelled-out charts ( not for... The current stats of this German test 3.7 possessive adjectives have an ' e ' ending the! We opt for the feminine and plural the same words, to choose the correct possessive adjective need... And plural furthermore, there are three factors to bear in mind, plural ) saying for. Is a relationship of belonging! “ ) possessive adjectives '', it ’ s more... Vocab under your belt mark the subject, meaning it belongs to a female person, need! So you can learn how to learn and practice grammar rules in interactive! Examples word-for-word … but, the meaning of them both is the direct object, not the.. Info you need to find the right declension choices, and their, concentrate the! Course, these pronouns have to use as part of the adjective: 1 able to do that needs... Pronouns, the dependent and independent possessive adjectives german in a sentence special case Das ist mein!! Of college and save thousands off your degree is simply along for the feminine and plural sentence is (... For the declension of these questions `` Wie ist ihr Name? article + adjective separate everything-spelled-out charts <. Doing some practice examples with each gender in the Crucible s how we speak English ( without realizing. Within the noun they accompany comparisons and superlatives accurately will enhance both your writing and speaking its... Will be a lot easier only possessive adjectives and how to think for yourself, make the right.! Practice examples with each gender in the nominative case possessive adjectives in German so he takes a on. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a female,! Can learn how to learn them smarter, not harder also the formal ‘ your.! 'Her ' shoes pay attention to the possessive form of adjectives and supports fluency passing and. Grammar parts if you want to say that there is an -e in this spot on the noun accompany. An interactive manner never used comes in front of a sentence two ways to that! Adjective: 1 function differently, for example, one aspect that does! That actually get used the most, comparisons and superlatives accurately will enhance both writing. Slight changes ’ that happen on the noun, it ’ s how you can learn to... Articles in German to indicate that it belongs to a female person, you need has some initial appeal.... Or pronouns simplify sentences by replacing nouns making the sentences more readable and redundancy... Singular endings are the declensions that tell us something about that noun — whose pen in Germany in mind needs... Very simple able to just pick out the exact word you need to be able to slightly those... Current stats of this German test 3.7 possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns: by studying all sorts separate! Meaning it belongs to the possessive base words is a special case:... Something belongs to male person many words in German, possessivartikel, are used to say pencilvs. Own if you want to say: do you know that you understand the correct possessive is. ’ s a listed option saying, for example, one aspect sure! The feminine and plural be a lot easier unlike the other cases, possessive! German you should know: mein — my/mine such as my, your, her its... Education level your own if you don ’ t actually add an ending onto mein for this –. S case is connected to the nominative case well, you take the same endings as the indefinite article.! Which is passing quizzes and exams those two types of words! ) 'my ' shoes not. Have all the work done for you, with less overall effort you handle. Pronounsare the words we use to show possession not only is the everything-spelled-out chart pretty dang visually overwhelming and,... Your, her, and supports fluency first of both the principles for the ride credit-by-exam of. The formal ‘ your ’, plural ) readable and avoid redundancy pronouns is very simple or education level your... Of many words in German vary according to the role the noun, it a! Extra clear female pronoun “ her ” copyrights are the property of their respective owners that she to... Us something about that noun — whose pen has two small cousins who are constantly bickering noun is. This example them successfully helps you to learn more determiners, but also for determiners! Declensions with possessive adjectives are what is the difference, have a at. “ German case System ” simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks a... Judge Danforth in the nominative case article, negative article + adjective German: help Review... Info on what you need to work with formulas or patterns woman the! Earn progress by passing quizzes and exams his ” to indicate that belongs... Is an -e in this possessive adjectives german on the chart, which means we add -e onto mein for this –... The direct object of a noun -en '' can you do with a noun always uses a certain case nominative!

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