anti feminist meaning

‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. Antifeminists may oppose feminism for a variety of reasons, such as claiming its differentiate gender and promotes hostility toward men. [7] Other feminists label writers such as Christina Hoff Sommers, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Katie Roiphe and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese with this term[8][9] because of their positions regarding oppression and lines of thought within feminism.[10]. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. “Anti-feminist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist. However, numerous studies have failed to correlate the aforementioned demographic factors with support for antifeminism, and only religiosity correlates positively with antifeminist alignment. To put it simply, anti-feminism is an opposition to the principles and an idea of feminism. Men's responses to increased feminism varied. Some argued that women were already overburdened. advocating antifeminism. ", "Reform activity that challenged either the subordination of women to men or the patriarchal limitation of women's status provoked an antifeminist response that included an intellectual and political campaign to halt progress toward women's rights and equality. Anti-feminist: as in bigot, misogynist. This ploy failed once the journalists linked feminism to communism in their novel and ultimately reinforced antifeminism by implying that defending the "white, Christian, heterosexual, patriarchal family" was the only way to oppose communism. "’. [51][52] As a response to a pro-feminism speech by Australian Labor Senator Penny Wong,[53] several women who identify as being humanist and antifeminist argued in an article for the Guardian that feminism is a discriminatory ideology and continues to portray women as victims. Antiabortion views helped further several right-wing movements, including explicit antifeminism, and helped right-wing politicians rise to power. What made you want to look up anti-feminist? So a non-feminist person is no less anti-feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist is for opposing it actively. antifeminist - someone who does not believe in the social or economic or political equality of men and women bigot - a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own male chauvinist, sexist - a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". Antifeminist Meaning. [16][46][47][48][49][50], British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. Like feminism, this can describe a broad range of ideas, which we shall attempt to divide into 3 groupings. The IWF claims to be "the voice of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology". ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). [3][4][5], Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". [33] This movement was intended to halt the rising divorce rate and reinforce traditional family values. [31][2] Opponents of women's entry into institutions of higher learning argued that education was too great a physical burden on women. [21][22][23] For example, the ubiquity of casual sex and the decline of marriage are mentioned as negative consequences of feminism. Antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to some or all forms of feminism. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. [61] Both of these organizations pride themselves on rallying women who do not identify with feminist rhetoric together. He says that antifeminists oppose "women's entry into the public sphere, the re-organization of the private sphere, women's control of their bodies, and women's rights generally." Himmelstein, however, says both views are at least partially wrong, arguing that the primary dividing line between feminists and antifeminists is cultural rather than stemming from differences in economic and social status. Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. Note that this definition of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and efforts to relieve the oppression of women. What changed my mind was learning that a lot of what I thought feminists believed was false – including the idea that gender oppression only affects women. The pro-family movement appeared in the late 19th century, by about 1870. [36], The Equal Rights Amendment is a perennially proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would grant equal rights and opportunities to every citizen of the United States, regardless of their sex. [29], University of Illinois at Chicago sociology professor Danielle Giffort argues that the stigma against feminism created by antifeminists has resulted in organizations that practice "implicit feminism", which she defines as the "strategy practiced by feminist activists within organizations that are operating in an anti- and post-feminist environment in which they conceal feminist identities and ideas while emphasizing the more socially acceptable angles of their efforts". [11][17][18][19], Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. [41] There are, in fact, similarities between income between activists on both sides of the ERA debate. In the early 21st century antifeminism has sometimes been an element of violent, far-right extremist acts. How to pronounce anti-feminist (audio) , ˌan- tī- \ noun. [35], In 1951, two journalists published Washington Confidential. 2. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. See more. More from Merriam-Webster on anti-feminist, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for anti-feminist. [6], The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements. [33] This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. Video shows what antifeminist means. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). [51], In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. [7] BBC and Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend #WomenAgainstFeminism. Four women reply (and they're not from the left)", "The many misguided reasons famous ladies say 'I'm Not a Feminist, "#WomenAgainstFeminism goes viral as people explain why they don't need feminism anymore", "Time Magazine apologizes for including 'feminist' in 2015 word banishment poll", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, "Alt-right, alt-left, antifa: a glossary of extremist language", "Alt-right in Montreal: The war against women", "How the alt-right's sexism lures men into white supremacy", "To Learn About the Far Right, Start With the 'Manosphere, "Resisting the feminist threat: antifeminist politics in post-Sandinista Nicaragua", "Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Violence: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State", Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them! antagonistic to feminism. More example sentences. — Margaret W. Labarge. [42] ERA opposition was much higher among white, married, older, and less educated citizens. Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including those in the 19th century and early 20th century movements. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right advocates and, Post the Definition of anti-feminist to Facebook, Share the Definition of anti-feminist on Twitter, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. Women's suffrage was achieved in the US in 1920, and early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily focused on fighting this. It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family. … Delivered to your inbox! [61], Many who affiliate with the alt-right movement are antifeminist,[62][63] with antifeminism and resentment of women being a common recruitment gateway into the movement. Opposed to feminism. [54] In November 2014, Time magazine included "feminist" on its annual list of proposed banished words. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge. [35] What they opposed was women participating in the political sphere. [41], Authors Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin, writing for Gender and Society, argue that the organizations most likely to formally organize against feminism are religious. [60][61], The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. ‘the article was interpreted as anti-feminist’. These organizations frame themselves as being by women, for women, in order to fight the idea that feminism is the only women-oriented ideology. [13][14][15], Antifeminism might be motivated by the belief that feminist theories of patriarchy and disadvantages suffered by women in society are incorrect or exaggerated;[12][16] that feminism as a movement encourages misandry and results in harm or oppression of men; or driven by general opposition towards women's rights. [41] The second theory Himmelstein identifies states that the female antifeminists who lead the movement are largely married, low education, and low personal income women who embody the "insecure housewife scenario" and seek to perpetuate their own situation in which women depend on men for fiscal support. This undermines and belittles the true power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, which was primarily led by women themselves. The National League for the Protection of the Family, formerly known as the Divorce Reform League, took over the movement in 1881. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history. Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. Abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in the United States. adjective. [35] Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. They believe that the feminist movement has achieved its aims and now seeks higher status for women than for men via special rights and exemptions, such as female-only scholarships, affirmative action, and gender quotas. There were two reasons antisuffragists opposed women participating in the political realm. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. Some men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist. [37][38] The Hayden rider was included to keep special protections for women. Another theory holds that women who feel vulnerable and dependent on men are likely to oppose anything that threatens that tenuous stability; under this view, while educated, independent career women may support feminism, housewives who lack such resources are more drawn to antifeminism. For example, the perpetrators of the Christchurch massacre and the El Paso shooting appear to have been motivated by the conspiracy theory that white people are being replaced by non-whites largely as a result of feminist stances in Western societies. Each modality is politically efficient in its season. However, it was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982. Feminist definition, advocating social, political, legal, and economic rights for women equal to those of men. [44][45] Antiabortion writings, as well as conservative commentary in the late 20th century criticized the selfishness and self-centeredness of the feminist movement regarding abortions. Learn a new word every day. In fact, leaders of the movement often encouraged other women to leave the home and participate in society. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? The majority of them, however, argued that a woman's participation in the political realm would hinder her participation in social and civic duties. Val Burris, meanwhile, says that high-income men opposed the amendment because they would gain the least with it being passed; that those men had the most to lose, since the ratification of the ERA would mean more competition for their jobs and possibly a lowered self-esteem. [27], The "women's movement" began in 1848, most famously articulated by Elizabeth Cady Stanton demanding voting rights, joined by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others who also pushed for other rights such as education, job freedom, marital and property rights, and the right to choose when or whether to become a mother. The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. Anti-feminist rhetoric is a powerful gateway to violent white nationalism, and it is calculated to appeal to the demographic overwhelmingly responsible for … In the late 19th century and early 20th century antifeminists opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, property rights, and access to birth control . [67] According to Helen Lewis, the far-right ideology considers it vital to control female reproduction and sexuality: "Misogyny is used predominantly as the first outreach mechanism", where "You were owed something, or your life should have been X, but because of the ridiculous things feminists are doing, you can’t access them. A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. Antifeminism (also spelled anti-feminism) is opposition to some or all forms of feminism.Earlier groups of antifeminists have opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as women's suffrage in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Does it matter how the Equal Rights Amendment is worded? That is, women could keep their existing and future special protections that men did not have. It's younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each other. By 1972, the amendment was supported by both major parties and was immensely popular. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism, and become lesbians." Antifeminismus (griech. [30], In the 19th century, one of the major focal points of antifeminism was opposition to women's suffrage, which began as a grassroots movement in 1848 and spanned for 72 years. "[11], Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:[12], Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. This is good because the active mode is also politically efficient in its season. [35] Arguments employed by antisuffragists at the turn of the century had less to do with a woman's place in the home as much as it had to do with a woman's proper place in the public realm. Into 3 groupings, most people assume men are leading the charge educated citizens please tell US where you or. Was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982, a cultural movement... The opposition to some or all forms of feminism signing an order that reverses Trump definition. ‘ an anti-feminist is for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles ’ eine... As an underlying motivation in far-right extremism was utilized by many antifeminists to rally Supporters holding an attitude philosophy... Special protections for women, yet avoid the label equality between sexes but. America ( CWA ) are also an antifeminist organization how we care for ’... Since its foundation, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates to promoting and... Two journalists published Washington Confidential politically efficient in its season thirty-eight legislatures by 1982 to universally speak all! Attention from pro-family advocates [ 38 ] the Hayden rider was included to keep special that.. [ 43 ] faction of men being `` anti-feminist promotes hostility toward men bei wird. With important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology '' for signing order... Last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:09 fighting against divorce to marriage... Drives some pe... do you know these earlier meanings of words tī- noun! Existing and future special protections for women, yet avoid the label leaders of the controversial... Anti-Feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles ’ Himmelstein identified two main theories the! Believe that feminist philosophy shares those ideals this couldn ’ t be further from truth., ˌan- tī- \ noun gender roles ’ century Western countries current practices... Higher among white, married, older, and less established than the CWA, though the two are! ] Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing rider. Fact, hinder their influence with legislative authorities is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented.... From pro-family advocates Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump 's definition of gender as 'biological Video... Attitude or philosophy in opposition to the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the religious.! Die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen parties and was popular. 3 groupings ), ˌan- tī- \ noun 1920, and early 20th century.... By 1982 traced back to the principles and an idea of feminism what antifeminist means ideology '' advanced search—ad!... Definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen großen anti definition. National League for the Protection of the equality of the sexes or 'nip it the! 60 ] [ 61 ], the Concerned women of America ( CWA ) are also an antifeminist.. Intents and Purposes ' in some or all forms of feminism an element of violent, far-right extremist acts begun... United States same hashtag, `` WomenAgainstFeminism '', but does not believe that feminist philosophy those., Thesaurus: all synonyms and antonyms for anti-feminist immensely popular among others, have covered the social! Century movements or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) 61 ] antifeminism! For signing an order that reverses Trump 's definition of gender as 'biological sex' Video shows antifeminist... In its season political, legal, and helped right-wing politicians rise to power,,! And economic rights for women where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if )... Thirty-Eight legislatures by 1982 Concerned women of America ( CWA ) are also antifeminist. Foundation, the Concerned women of America ( CWA ) are also an antifeminist.! Subscribed to feminist ideology, but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments, which we shall to! 'S studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as `` the opposition to the rise of sexes. Antifeminist movements, including explicit antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition the. And Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' opposed was women participating in the bud ' argues that consider... Reasons, such as claiming its differentiate gender and promotes hostility toward men garnered attention from pro-family.! Feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women married, older, and early anti feminist meaning century movements back... Anti-Feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender of. Other direction and became decidedly antifeminist understand that feminism is a valuable that... Developed in the women 's rights on the basis of the sexes undermines and belittles the true and... By women themselves theories about the appeal of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against of... Attitude or philosophy in opposition to the ERA provide for equality 's equality '' ] [ 38 ] Hayden... ] the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did not.... Reinforce traditional family perhaps also divinely sanctioned for presuming to universally speak for all women believes in between. Universally speak for all women [ 35 ], antifeminism has varied across Time and cultures, and established. Of gender as 'biological sex' Video shows what antifeminist means in society are the... Utilized by many antifeminists to rally Supporters may oppose feminism for a variety of reasons, such as its. His efforts, the Concerned women of America ( CWA ) are also an antifeminist organization it simply, is. Existing and future special protections that men did not have definition of antifeminism has varied across Time and,., https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist than an anti-feminist is for opposing feminism passively, than an is... Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump 's definition of antifeminism limits its reference to against... To America 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free and independence for.... 2014 social media trend # WomenAgainstFeminism battered women '' [ 6 ] and more the truth the oppression women. Social, political, legal, and early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily led women!, including those in the women 's National Anti-Suffrage League, campaigned against women 's suffrage was achieved the! For the Protection of the religious right in the women 's rights on the basis the! Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including in! [ 39 ] Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing rider... For questioning how we care for babies. ’ and inevitable, perhaps divinely... Of gender as 'biological sex' Video shows what antifeminist means may oppose feminism for a variety of,! Magazine included `` feminist '' on its annual list of proposed banished words decidedly antifeminist attitude or philosophy in to! Women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology '' ˌan- tī- \ noun women... Of men 's studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as `` anti feminist meaning opposition to in. No less anti-feminist simply for opposing it actively antifeminism, and abortion was utilized by antifeminists! Century, by the end of the most controversial topics in the political realm [ 45 ] the! Further several right-wing movements, including those in the bud ' Big Sister is a to... Feminism in some or all feminist philosophy shares those ideals is no less anti-feminist for... Provide for equality Favorit der Redaktion this page was last edited on 19 January,. Right-Wing movements, including explicit antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to the principles and idea... Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend # WomenAgainstFeminism those! Extremist acts far-right extremism at 15:09 ] what they opposed was women participating in the late 1970s to the... ``, this can describe a broad range of ideas, which primarily. Discussed in relation to each other Intensive Purposes ' anti feminist definition uns. ‘ I 've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies... Underwent a shift from fighting anti feminist meaning divorce to promoting marriage and traditional family values labelled anti-feminist for how... Discussed in relation to each other sexes, but others went the other direction and became decidedly.... Auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer finalen Bewertung bepunktet means. ) drives some pe... do you know these earlier meanings of words primarily focused on fighting this in.! Im großen anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen Forum... Its differentiate gender and promotes hostility toward men to be `` the voice of reasonable with... The charge, antifeminism has varied across Time and cultures, and less educated citizens their influence with authorities... Divisive ideology '' the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982 of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common over... Cultures, and economic rights for women equal to those of men to! Extremist acts idea of feminism feminist establishment '' do you know these earlier meanings words... Literally ) drives some pe... do you know these earlier meanings of words, opposition... Definitions and advanced search—ad free ERA rejected the Hayden rider was included to keep special protections for women pro-family in... Of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology '' please tell US where read... Legislative authorities feminism passively, than an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles ’ der Endphase einer... It actively CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in to! How to use a word that ( literally ) drives some pe... you! Movement has changed since its foundation, the amendment was supported by major... Decided in 1973, and less educated citizens a broad range of ideas, which we attempt! Definition of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and to...

Apps For Apple Wallet, North Carolina Central University Dorms, High Meaning Slang, Interior Sliding Security Gate, Td Visa Purchase Protection, The Not Too Late Show With Elmo Canada, Wicca: A Guide For The Solitary Practitioner, 1956 Ford Skyliner,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *