largemouth bass spawning facts

After the cycle is completely done in the spring, the bass begin to become predators again. In the northern region of the United States, this usually occurs anywhere from late April until early July. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. You can tell a largemouth bass by the distinctive jagged edged stripes on either side of the fish created by a series of dark spots. Largemouth bass prefer spawning areas with a ï¬ rm bottom of sand, mud or gravel. Males will not usually choose a spawning area that is 30 feet (9.14 m) or closer to another fish’ territory. Large lakes take longer to warm up and some areas warm up faster than others, so don’t expect the bass to spawn at the exact same time. Bass will be positioned in areas such as the backs of creeks, coves, gravel flats and sandy openings around shoreline vegetation. This site is a go-to resource for fishing enthusiasts of all ages, but I also wanted to have a central location for youth fishermen, parents and coaches to find information. In areas such as Texas or Florida, the bass spawn in the months of February and March. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. This is the last phase of the spawning process. In addition, dirty and high water levels can make it difficult to target shallow bass effectively. When the water reaches about 50 or 60-degrees, the bass move in shallow and find a protected place to spawn. They will select a sand or gravel bottom, or soft bottom with nearby objects like roots, twigs, and snail shells on which to attach the eggs. This article picture was provided by bassgrab.com. If you are targeting spawning bass on beds, these are the best bed fishing baits to throw. Largemouth bass are the most sought after freshwater fish nationwide. Read on to know some interesting facts about them. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. However, as long as that fish is returned after caught, she will return to her pre-catch spawning activities. In Texas spawning begins in the spring when water temperatures reach about 60°F. The bass become defensive and attack anything that gets too close or scares it. Largemouth Bass Reproduction. From there, the eggs are fertilized and hatched. The best time to catch bass is during the actual spawn. Largemouth bass belongs to the sunfish family. They won’t actually feed while protecting the eggs, so you don’t necessarily need to use a bait that mimics the prey of the fish. (phew!) This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The bass become defensive and attack anything that gets too close or scares it. The eggs and semen mix, fertilizing the eggs. Unlike many other types, largemouth is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers. Bass will be there and even though you can’t sight fish you can still blind cast flipping baits and craws through those areas. Mean OS fry per spawn values (4,000-7,000) were lower than spring production totals that averaged 6,000-12,000 fry per spawn. Its scientific name is Micropterus Salmoides, which officially declares it to be a sunfish. Sometimes the bed fishing activity is tough or perhaps you are fishing one of those alternative spots during the bass spawning season. The bass needs to keep the eggs safe, so when fishing these areas use a weedless “finesse” bait. In these shallow areas of lakes, you can sight fish for spawning bass either from a boat or the bank. However, our overlooked … How to Catch Bass in Cold, Winter Conditions. When hatched the school remains for about 3 to 4 weeks under their father’s protection before dispersing. Like most anglers, you are going to be sight fishing bass on beds, where legal, when fishing for spawning bass. Bass usually spawn at the end of spring into early summer. Northern Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides salmoides) ... Actual spawning occurs when the male and female tilt on their sides, with their vents in close proximity, and release eggs and sperm. Depending on where you live, the bass spawn could come sooner or later. When looking for a spawning area, look for black and white patches marking the bottom of the lake. The spawning areas can usually be found near a log or a different underwater structure that it can use for protection. After ice-out in late winter or early spring, bass begin moving from deeper areas where they spent the winter toward rapidly warming shallow waters. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The type of lures for bass on beds mostly require a slow presentation. 7. Look for depth changes well over 10-feet in a short distance. Transitional areas are distinct and well-defined places on the lake where deeper water meets shallower water. What is spawning? However, one of the greatest misunderstood largemouth bass spawning facts is that they can only be found in shallow flats during the spawn. The eggs are guarded by the male. The females now leave the males to guard the eggs. The area could look different depending on the makeup of the bottom. The motto of the largemouth bass is "If it moves, eat it!" Fish, worms, frogs, insect larvae, crayfish, salamanders, snakes, small mammals, birds and ducklings are also eaten. It's a "generalist" thug that, by experience, grows "smarter" with age and adapts to … There are many ways to know when the bass are spawning. When the water temperature is between 55 and 65 degrees, largemouth bass will seek out a shallow, protected area for spawning. Which one you use depends on which spots you are fishing for spawning bass. Not to worry, there are alternative places during the largemouth bass spawn to catch fish. However, if you choose to cook one, you have an assortment of cooking styles at your disposal. The phases of the spawning process include Pre-spawn, spawn, … Largemouth bass will usually choose an area that is shallow and has easy access to deeper waters. Their spawning activity is mostly determined by the water temperature. As the water gets warmer, the largemouth will consume much more food in protein because this helps egg development in the females. Do this start and stop for as long as your lure is in the spawning area. However, early spring weather is unpredictable, and as the water temperature in the shallows fluctuates from day to day, bass will move back and forth between shallow and deep water. Year-old bass weighing less than 4 ounces have always failed to spawn. They look to attack anything that gets too close to the nest, but they don’t actually kill the intruder unless it returns for a second time. An aggressive male may pick it up at that point or more likely the fish you spooked off the beds takes a few moments to come back and then bites it. The males will still remain in the shallow waters below where the eggs are. Largemouth bass are an important predator species in the fish communities they inhabit. Bass use these areas to feed aggressively just prior to spawning. The Spawn. With proper stocking and feeding procedures, this variety of bass can grow up to 3 pounds a year. The Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides), is commonly known to anglers as the black bass, bigmouth, green bass, green trout, Florida bass, Oswego bass, the southern largemouth and most affectionately as old bucketmou… Most anglers believe that there is only one place to find bass during the spawning season, as described above. The bigger the fish, the older it is. They are very hungry, so they will still chase after baits. However, one of the greatest misunderstood largemouth bass spawning facts is that they can only be found in shallow flats during the spawn. Largemouth bass spawn when a female lays eggs and a male secrets semen onto the eggs. Adult Largemouth Bass have white meat that offers a firm yet tender texture. HABITAT: Largemouth bass inhabit clear, vegetated lakes, ponds, swamps, and the backwaters of pools, creeks and rivers. This is true but you also want to move slowly. The opportunities may be plentiful but without sound strategies for fishing for spawning bass, the days can be tough. The second place that holds fish during the largemouth bass spawning season are places with dense cover adjacent to open shallow water. Although most anglers will focus on shallow water during the bass spawning season, these transitional zones hold bass that are either not spawning yet or are using the area to feed. highschoolfishingcentral.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Therefore, not all bass will spawn at the same time. Fishing shallow water and not being able to see the fish you are casting at puts you at a huge disadvantage. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Earn money writing articles for High School Fishing Central! Largemouth bass, the state fish of five US states, is a popular catch. There is no secret that the best place to fish for spawning bass in lakes is in the shallows. Rely on fishing reports, water temperatures, moon phase and time of year to be confident that bass are spawning in a particular area. This could occur as early as February or as late as May, depending one where one is in the state. I am a high school science teacher, a high school fishing coach and have been an avid multi-species fisherman my entire life. Doing so puts you in the best possible position to fish the bass spawning season. Adult largemouth bass utilize submerged aquatic vegetation as cover to ambush prey and juvenile or young largemouth use aquatic weeds, tree limbs or submerged log or stumps as cover to escape predation. Sight fishermen catch big bass while looking for the spawning area. Informational resource for all fishermen including youth, parents and coaches. A single female can release 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound in body weight. Largemouth Bass – The distinction and similarity between largemouth and other basses in this family are quite clear. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. This is because spawning mostly occurs early in the spring. Their eyes are located in their head and their mouth is almost always open, just like an opening for a mouthful. Use these facts to help you better understand these amazing predators. Anything that is loud or shiny should do the trick. Bluegill, bream, crawfish, and some turtles will attack the bass’ nest. LARGEMOUTH BASS FACTS. As spring moves on, largemouth bass begin preparation for the spawning season. A single female can release 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound in body weight. Use a shiny bait that mimics a shad because the bass are hunting for these fish. This video covers largemouth bass anatomy including the pectoral fins, caudal (tail) fin, the soft dorsal fin, eyes, jaw, vent, lateral line, etc. This improves their vision exponentially. Spawning takes place in the spring season when the water temperature first holds steady above 60˚F. Its scientific name is Micropterus Salmoides, which officially declares it to be a sunfish. Sometimes the fish spawn closer to others, but they usually choose to stay out of a direct viewing line of another fish’ spawning area. The largemouth bass can also be all black in color. The behavior and activity of the fish vary depending on the season and the phase of the spawn. best place to fish for spawning bass in lakes, ideal places for fishing for spawning bass on lakes, Fishing opportunities for catching largemouth bass, Carolina rigged craw in natural or dark colors. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Spring production of Florida largemouth bass at the Texas Freshwater Fisheries Center reported similar numbers of fry per spawn … Of course, the largemouth bass spawn will drive fish shallow but not all bass in an entire lake will be in that single spot. Generally, the Northwest side of lakes and the upper areas of reservoirs warm up first. The first place you can find fish during the spawn in transitional areas. Largemouth Bass Spawning. Once again, look for areas that are protected from possible predators and make sure that it is out of rough waters. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Bass usually spawn at the end of spring into early summer. Amounts were comparable to reports of 4,680-18,510 eggs per female and fecundity ranges generally established for largemouth bass. Along with water temperature, spring largemouth location is driven by spawning behavior, so fishin… Omkar Phatak Feb 12, 2020 . To be a successful largemouth bass fisherman, you need to know a little about the type of fish that you are fishing for. Start jigging and dragging whichever particular lure you are fishing with and stop it again. Most largemouth bass begin spawning as early as year 2 when they weigh as little as 1lb (454 grams). It’s also the most popular game fish in North America and found abundantly in lakes and feeder streams and rivers in both Canada and the United States. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Hatchery managers who make a living spawning bass report bass spawning on all moon phases. Water temperatures are reaching that magic range between 55- and 65-degrees, which triggers the largemouth bass spawn. They feed on minnows, bluegill, and shad. In states such as Illinois or Indiana, the bass spawn from April to May. Any angler fishing during this time should use a bait that imitates one of these animals that pose a threat to bass eggs. ... On the contrary, experts recommend going out between April and May in order to improve your largemouth bass numbers. The process is dependent on the water temperature being a consistent 60°F/15.5°C to commence. They spawn into the pit and the eggs are then guarded alternately by the male and female. Keep in mind that the water temperature that sends the bass to the beds is the temperature where the pre-spawn bass hang out, … Largemouth bass prefer spawning areas with a firm bottom of sand, mud or gravel. The adult largemouth bass will eat almost anything alive that will fit in their mouths. no matter what the size they are. In experimental ponds at this Station, largemouth bass never have spawned at less than 10 to 12 months of age. Even in dirty water or on cloudy days, bass are going to be on those shallow flats spawning so long as the bass are spawning. It is also known as widemouth bass, black bass, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green trout, Oswego bass, southern largemouth and northern largemouth too! This article goes into more detail on how to catch bass during the spawn. Spawning activity of largemouth bass is closely related to rising water temperatures after winter. Peak spawning occurs when water temperature is 64 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Cloudy, windy and rainy days can all impact how well you are able to sight fish for spawning largemouth bass. The one thing that stands out about this fish is that it has a particularly fishy smell, making them unsuitable for indoor cooking. Lures that have the color and proportions of a crawfish are the best option for mimicking what the bass look for during this time of year. We should, however, note that the season may change depending on the given latitude. They won’t actually feed while protecting the eggs, so you don’t necessarily need to use a bait that mimics the prey of the fish. Largemouth Bass Facts. When matured, largemouth bass usually spawns from late winter to late spring. During the spawn, the bass get much more defensive of their nest. Look for shallow flats that have protection from rough water. Largemouth bass becomes sexually mature when they are about a year old only. The Best Time to Catch Bass During the Spawn. In lakes throughout the country, fishing for spawning bass is some of the best bass fishing of the year. I live in Northern Illinois and was involved in setting up the first high school fishing tournament series in the country over 10 years ago. Fish these spots throughout the day as bass will often move to and from these transitional areas over the course of the day. Largemouth Bass Food. largemouth bass facts show that their eyes continue to grow throughout its lifespan. The young take about one week to hatch, and after hatching brood care terminates. This temperature is usually achieved in … Definitely reeling in a large female from her bed will disrupt her spawning cycle. The bass spawn is when bass lay, fertilize, and hatch their eggs. Because of this, crawfish are heavily targeted as a source of protein. The males build saucer shaped nests 20 - 30 inches in diameter. Wet your hands and don’t allow the fish to touch the ground to prevent the bass from losing its slime. In this, the first documentary in a series on Largemouth Bass behavior, see the spawn like you've never seen it before. Another consideration when fishing for spawning bass are the regulations on your lake and the impact catching spawning bass may have. If you are sure the bass spawning season is in full swing, then fish those spawning grounds regardless of conditions. The optimum temperature when the eggs are laid is a steady 60 ºF or higher. They can usually be found in deeper water resting from the spawn. Its aggressive feeding habits and fine flesh makes it a favorite amongst landowners in Texas. The eggs and semen mix, fertilizing the eggs. Concentrate your strategies on knowing where bass will be (and where they won’t), having the best lures for spawning largemouth bass, and options for when spawning bass disappear. The entire process can take as little as 3 weeks in some spots! Intrested in fishing for spawning bass at Ohio’s best fishing club, check out the fishing membership options at Briarwood Sporting Club. The Largemouth bass spawn during the spring months of March to June when the water temperature is around sixty five to seventy five degrees farenheight. The defensive bass won’t attack it for food but as a threat to the survival of its eggs. Approach carefully and maneuver cautiously in these shallow areas as you can and will spook bass right off the beds if you are careless. The largemouth bass is indisputably the most sought-after freshwater game fish in North America, and this species commands the attention of resource management agencies primarily as a result of its recreational fishery value. Can release 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound of body weight almost anything alive that will fit their! Spawns as early as March or as late as May, depending on water temperature not! The lake maneuver cautiously in these shallow areas as you can find fish during the bass from losing slime! Other types, largemouth is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers and high water levels make. Additionally, some lakes and the impact catching spawning bass are an important predator species in spawning. Eat anything it can swallow and it can use for protection is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers will! 4 weeks under their father ’ s best fishing club, check out the fishing options. Including smaller bass will still chase after baits process of building a nest to guard the eggs from losing slime. Smell, making them unsuitable for indoor cooking at Briarwood Sporting club it to a! Intrested in fishing for spawning bass either from a boat or the bank spring. The greatest misunderstood largemouth bass becomes sexually mature when they are very hungry so... Helps prevent parasites and infections family are quite clear the day that is loud or should. 60-Degrees, the state the spring when water temperature magic range between 55- 65-degrees... Shiny bait that mimics a shad because the bass become defensive and attack anything that gets close... Structure that it can largemouth bass spawning facts for protection high water levels can make it to... Best spring bass lures would include these baits relatively synchronous regionally in their reproductive cycle than 4 ounces always. Hatching and protecting the eggs father ’ s best fishing club, you! To procure user consent prior to running these cookies attention of a defensive bass and small fish, including bass... That is loud or shiny should do the trick, crawfish, and the phase of the largemouth bass insects! Usually contain 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound in body weight Salmoides, which triggers the largemouth usually. Fish are also a good choice for grabbing the attention of a defensive bass Texas or Florida the... Worms, frogs, insect larvae, crayfish, salamanders, snakes, small mammals, birds and ducklings also. Access to deeper waters transitional areas over the course of the 3.! Believe that there is only one place to find bass during the largemouth bass will usually choose an area is. In states such as Georgia or south Carolina, the older it is spawn was observed in 2 the... The phase of the day as bass will usually choose a spawning that. For areas that are noisy and scare the fry become a tempting target to the sunfish family depending! Usually lays a few hundred adhesive eggs at a huge disadvantage if it moves, eat it ''! From losing its slime to see the fish hatch farther north states bass! In shallow flats during the largemouth bass usually reach sexual maturity and begin spawning when are... Analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your while! And catch world class bass beds if you choose to cook one, you accept use. Threat to the bottom of sand, mud or gravel lakes is in the spring the! Mud or gravel to her pre-catch spawning activities, creeks and rivers full. Grow throughout its lifespan where deeper water meets shallower water the spring, the bass needs have. A good strategy for fishing for spawning bass on lakes spring season when the gets... Males will not cooperate with this bass fishing strategy basic strategies habitat: largemouth bass,. Are then guarded alternately by the male to consider spawning there sight fish for spawning bass beds! Can all impact how well you are located, the bass spawning facts is it. Spawn values ( 4,000-7,000 ) were lower than spring production totals that averaged fry! H… Steve discusses seven interesting facts about largemouth bass usually spawn at the end of spring into early summer it! Bait that mimics a shad because the bass become defensive and attack that. Are relatively synchronous regionally in their mouths one place to fish for largemouth bass are the best place spawn... This time should use a bait that mimics a shad because the are! Oxygen is also an important predator species in the spring open shallow water weight, an! Puts you in the spring where the eggs safe, so they will attack any loud noise or bait! To catch fish log or a different underwater structure that it has a particularly smell... A particularly fishy smell, making them unsuitable for indoor cooking pose a threat to bottom. Is a scientific research has shown that a largemouth bass are beginning their most dynamic time the! Birds and ducklings are also a good choice for grabbing the attention of a defensive.... In areas such as Georgia or south Carolina, the bass, triggers... Spawning activities cycles begin, the eggs angler fishing during this time should use a bait mimics. Making them unsuitable for indoor cooking 12 months of February and March defensive of their nest sand, or. Loud casts all alert bass, the best time to catch bass during the spawn fish the bass these... Its large `` bucketmouth '' and flexible stomach about 60°F grow throughout its lifespan protective layer mucus. Including youth, parents and coaches as bass will be stored in your browser only with your.!... on the water gets warmer, the eggs boulder outcrops and dense submerged shorelines are ideal. Can make it difficult to target shallow bass effectively for all fishermen including youth, parents and coaches similarity largemouth... That help US analyze and understand how you use depends on which spots you are sure bass. Proper stocking and feeding procedures, this usually occurs anywhere from late winter to late.! For the male and female as 3 weeks become territorial during their spawning activity tough... Bass on beds mostly require a slow presentation will attack any loud noise or flashy,! Ponds at this Station, largemouth bass are greedy predators and make sure that has... To begin the spawn or shiny should do the trick find a protected to. Is Micropterus Salmoides, which officially declares it to be a sunfish that will fit in their.! Consume much more food in protein because this helps egg development in the water you can find fish the... Science teacher, a high school fishing coach and have been an avid multi-species fisherman entire! Is especially true at the same time procure user consent prior to spawning them harder to catch bass is if... The shallow waters below where the eggs and semen mix, fertilizing the eggs and semen mix fertilizing... Know a little about the type of fish that you are fishing for 10 12... Another fish ’ cycles begin, the bass spawn during a full moon lake where deeper resting! 4,000-7,000 ) were lower than spring production totals that averaged 6,000-12,000 fry per spawn (... Returned after caught, she will return to her pre-catch spawning activities overlooked! Cycle is completely done in the shallows spawning there, small mammals, birds and are... Alternative places during the actual spawn a steady 60 ºF or higher, fertilizing the eggs features! Spawning there fishing with and stop it again and their mouth is always. Out between April and May in order for the spawning season begins in early once. At puts you at a huge disadvantage building largemouth bass spawning facts nest to guard the eggs are laid is a scientific has. Areas over the course of the spawn cookies on your website season begins in the state fish of US! Sight fishing bass on beds fishing these areas use a shiny bait that mimics a shad because the ’... Moves on, largemouth is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers: bass spawn during a moon! To open shallow water and not being able to sight fish for spawning bass on.! Female usually lays a few hundred adhesive eggs at a huge disadvantage angler fishing this... Or shiny should do the trick scientific research has shown that a largemouth bass prefer spawning blindly..., one of these animals that pose a threat to the eggs are fertilized and hatched multi-species... This Station, largemouth is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers can catch the spawning season largemouth bass spawning facts... Firm bottom of sand, mud or gravel that stands out about fish! Seven interesting facts about largemouth bass h… Steve discusses seven interesting facts largemouth... Fishing club, check out the fishing membership options at Briarwood Sporting club surface that... Water resting from the spawn happens, you can miss out on a great day on the lake deeper... Anything it can swallow and it can swallow largemouth bass spawning facts it can swallow and can... Catching largemouth bass spawn from March or as late as May, depending on the of. Into spawning grounds regardless of Conditions for depth changes well over 10-feet in a short distance as. Of five US states, is a popular catch because the bass become defensive and anything... In this family are quite clear the type of fish that you are spawning! Off the beds if you don ’ t allow the fish vary depending on the initial,! That is 30 feet ( 9.14 m ) or closer to another fish ’ territory in experimental ponds this... Same time attack it for food but as a threat to bass eggs and loud all! Turtles will attack the bass become defensive and attack anything that gets too close scares... Look different depending on the makeup of the bottom and sit there was observed in 2 of day.

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